Muslims in the Focus of Race Relations 3. Preface During the last two decades globalization as the most important energetic phenomenon of our time has had many effects on mankind's life. The changes and consequences resulting from this can be seen in social, political, cultural, religious and economical fields all of which have undergone vast and fundamental changes. The relationship between globalization, migration and religion which is of special interest here is one of many constellations which have emerged from the radical developments that are still taking place.
Second, conflict in Africa is caused by inequitable sharing of valuable natural resources. This failure was led to a number of conflicts and exacerbated many others. And whenever territories rich in natural resources are captured by marauding militias, these resources are most often looted providing the private funding to continue conflict, as it happening in Angola and DRC Democratic republic of Congo.
Angola has seen an estimatedpeople killed since and an estimated 3 million refugees. It is also being torn apart due to resources such as diamonds and offshore oil, with various factions fighting for these prices supported by multinational corporations and other governments.
Third, conflicts in Africa are facilitated by dysfunctional governments characterized by weak, undemocratic economic and political institution. There are many cases where the failure by governments to address national grievances has led to conflict and war.
Clearly civil conflict is less probable in a full democracy.
The more democratic the society, the more it has outlets for frustration and ways to seek solutions. The more governments responds to the issues people have the lower risk of civil wars.
Globalization and Religion Conference on Globalization, Conflict & the Experience of Negative Aspects of Globalization on Religion and Religious Ethics 7 it is surprising that the phenomenon of globalization and its influence on Religion and vice-versa has not been further evaluated. Therefore, it is the initiative of this paper is to. socio-religious identity of a country as Castle () argued that globalization is really the globalization of modernity, and modernity is the harbinger of identity. THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF CONFLICTS AND THE REFUGEE CRISIS IN MENA 6 INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND INTRODUCTION 1. Conflicts are proliferating in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA).2 Almost daily, global media report intense violence, large-scale human suffering, and destruction in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Syria, and Yemen.
Fourth, polarized societies risk fracture. Contrary to what so many analysts have said about how Africa can never be stable with so many ethinicities, the evidence is that ethnic and religious diversity is a stabilizing force. There is a higher risk of civil wars in polarized societies even if they are ethnically more homogeneous than in more diverse societies.
Diversity makes societies safer by reducing the probability of ethnic conflicts, as it is simply more expensive and complicated to foment trouble in diverse societies. Even if conflicts do break out in pluralistic societies, they tend to last for shorter periods, as it is harder for rebels to be cohesive.
We know the results when poverty is high, natural resources endowments are managed inequitably, governments are undemocratic and societies are polarized.
The results are conflicts and the costs are terrible. War is undoubtedly the destroyer of economic development on our continent. As we saw tragically in Rwanda, Liberia and Sierra Leone, civil war not only devastates the lives of civilians; it damages the environment, it wreaks havoc on social, education and health services, it traumatizes whole generations of youth, and it forces people to abandon homes and farming land, engulfing once stable family units in flood of refugees.
Statistically enormous lives from the Biafran war consumed over a million lives to the Rwandan genocide that liquidated overlives in just days of ethnic rampage.
Many of the most educated Liberians now live out of the country, most with no apparent plans to return. While the active conflict has ended, ethnic enmity simmers, and continues to be exploited by ambitious persons in and out of Liberia.
Some observers point out that even the present government is not immune from using ethnic tensions to its own end. The islands had a population ofpeople according to the census. Zanzibar is united by a common language Kiswahili which is spoken by all and is both the lingua franca and the language of official business on the island.
These islands are faced with conflicts which exist among them and impart dichotomy as will be diagnosed from political, economic and social perspectives. In political dimensions, many of the Zanzibar political problems have witnessed their most intense expression during the periods of electoral competition, particularly following the introduction of multiparty politics to the country.
It is apparent from the beginning that many politicians in Zanzibar particularly those who had benefited from the monopoly of the single party were not keen to open up to multiparty. During the pre independence period there was an equal representation of ministers from Pemba and Unguja.
However, there is also a submission that even the British had an administrative policy of not giving leadership positions to wapemba.
The political cleaverage worsened after the revolution, with the wapemba victimized for their perceived lack of participation in the revolution. Accordingly, there were only few wapemba in the revolutionary council.
The relationship was aggravated with CCM having lost all the 21 seats of Pemba in the elections and winning only 5 seats in the elections, which in any event, was seriously contested result. This enhanced the perception of all Wapemba being seen as opposition. There is claim made that there has never been a president, chief Justice or speaker of the house from Pemba.
In fact since the assassination of Karume, no person of Arab, Goan, Indian, or commorian origin have been appointed to any of the above institutions. This has made the wapemba believe that the waunguja simply dislike. The counter point to this argument is that the deflation of the clove prices is attributed to the world trade, and the clove boom in Indonesia.
Furthermore, the claim of economic marginalization is also a sham, given that Pemba is agriculturally richer has more university graduates than Unguja and has a large population of successful migrants in the business sector on the mainland.Focusing on the political economy of so-called new wars, this book presents a series of studies that analyse the complexities of current warfare by moving from the global sphere to local spots of organised violence.
• Analyze the goals of US policymakers in major international conflicts, such as the Spanish-American War, World Wars I and II, and the Cold War, and explain how US involvement in these conflicts have altered the US's role in world affairs.
conflicts, inspired by ethnic, sectarian, or religious grievances (Marshall, ). Nonetheless, the number of those conflicts has begun to decline, and many have ended.
International Religious Freedom in an Age of Nationalism; Training. The Social and Economic Impact of Religious Intolerance 15 Mar, Brian J.
Grim, President. Religious Freedom & Business Foundation. Also, see my TEDx Talk for the global religious freedom situation.
Globalization also gives greater influence to ethnic and religious diasporas. These communities are contributing to the changing nature of international security and are one of the most significant types of nonstate actors in international relations.
Feb 02, · Introduction. Conflict in Africa is one of the problems affecting the real development of African people. It had taken enormous lives from the Biafran war that consumed over a million lives to the Rwandan genocide that liquidated over , lives in just days of ethnic rampage.
This ugly inhumane phenomenon continues in Africa.