Optimum management to prevent recurrent kidney stones is uncertain. To evaluate the benefits and harms of interventions to prevent recurrent kidney stones.
Each unit, called a glomerulus, connects to a tubule, which collects urine. Conditions such as high blood pressure and diabetes take a toll on kidney function by damaging these filtering units and collecting tubules and causing scarring. Polycystic kidney Polycystic kidney A healthy kidney left eliminates waste from the blood and maintains the body's normal chemical balance.
Fluid-filled sacs rightcalled cysts, characterize polycystic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease occurs when a disease or condition impairs kidney function, causing kidney damage to worsen over several months or years.
Diseases and conditions that cause chronic kidney disease include: Type 1 or type 2 diabetes High blood pressure Glomerulonephritis gloe-mer-u-low-nuh-FRY-tisan inflammation of the kidney's filtering units glomeruli Interstitial nephritis in-tur-STISH-ul nuh-FRY-tisan inflammation of the kidney's tubules and surrounding structures Polycystic kidney disease Prolonged obstruction of the urinary tract, from conditions such as enlarged prostate, kidney stones and some cancers Vesicoureteral ves-ih-koe-yoo-REE-tur-ul reflux, a condition that causes urine to back up into your kidneys Recurrent kidney infection, also called pyelonephritis pie-uh-low-nuh-FRY-tis Risk factors Factors that may increase your risk of chronic kidney disease include: Diabetes Heart and blood vessel cardiovascular disease Smoking Being African-American, Native American or Asian-American Family history of kidney disease Abnormal kidney structure Complications Chronic kidney disease can affect almost every part of your body.
Potential complications may include: Fluid retention, which could lead to swelling in your arms and legs, high blood pressure, or fluid in your lungs pulmonary edema A sudden rise in potassium levels in your blood hyperkalemiawhich could impair your heart's ability to function and may be life-threatening Heart and blood vessel cardiovascular disease Weak bones and an increased risk of bone fractures Anemia Decreased sex drive, erectile dysfunction or reduced fertility Damage to your central nervous system, which can cause difficulty concentrating, personality changes or seizures Decreased immune response, which makes you more vulnerable to infection Pericarditis, an inflammation of the saclike membrane that envelops your heart pericardium Pregnancy complications that carry risks for the mother and the developing fetus Irreversible damage to your kidneys end-stage kidney diseaseeventually requiring either dialysis or a kidney transplant for survival Prevention To reduce your risk of developing kidney disease: Follow instructions on over-the-counter medications.
When using nonprescription pain relievers, such as aspirin, ibuprofen Advil, Motrin IB, others and acetaminophen Tylenol, othersfollow the instructions on the package. Taking too many pain relievers could lead to kidney damage and generally should be avoided if you have kidney disease.
Ask your doctor whether these drugs are safe for you. Maintain a healthy weight. If you're at a healthy weight, work to maintain it by being physically active most days of the week.
If you need to lose weight, talk with your doctor about strategies for healthy weight loss. Often this involves increasing daily physical activity and reducing calories. Cigarette smoking can damage your kidneys and make existing kidney damage worse.
If you're a smoker, talk to your doctor about strategies for quitting smoking. Support groups, counseling and medications can all help you to stop. Manage your medical conditions with your doctor's help.
If you have diseases or conditions that increase your risk of kidney disease, work with your doctor to control them. Ask your doctor about tests to look for signs of kidney damage.To determine the prevalence of chronic kidney disease and nephrolithiasis in people with gout, and the association between gout and prevalent or incident chronic kidney disease and nephrolithiasis.
Seventeen studies were included in the meta-analysis (chronic kidney disease n = 7. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide problem that is currently three times higher for African Americans, Hispanics, Pacific Islanders, American Indians .
Water intake and kidney stones Kidney stones, also called urolithiasis, are a common pathology affecting about 10% of the population in developed countries at least once in an individual’s lifetime. Fink HA, Wilt TJ, Eidman KE, et al.
Medical management to prevent recurrent nephrolithiasis in adults: a systematic review for an American College of Physicians Clinical Guideline.
Ann Intern Med. ;(7) Type 1 and 2 diabetes (diabetes mellitus) symptoms may include increased urination, thirst, weight loss, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, skin infections, and blurred vision. Risk factor for diabetes, diabetes statistics, medications, and healthy lifestyle information are provided.
This study replicates this selection strategy by simply including adults with at least one stone, regardless of composition. idRTA is defined in this study, as is usual, Prevalence and densitometric characteristics of incomplete distal renal tubular acidosis in men with recurrent calcium nephrolithiasis.