He is widely regarded as the founder of the French school of sociology.
Along with his contemporary Max Weber, Durkheim was one of the founders of modern sociology. He demonstrated that the discipline was not reducible to psychology or biology and received the first sociology professorship in France.
His notion of society as a moral construct has had a great impact on anthropology, history, religion, law, and political theory and, during his own lifetime, had considerable influence on republicans and socialists of the Third Republic.
Although he broke with his Judaic heritage by becoming an agnostic, the ordered and respectable nature of his home life would have a lasting effect upon his attitudes and interests.
The same year he was appointed to teach a social science course created especially for him at the University of Bordeaux, nine years later being promoted to the first sociology chair in France. Work and contact with Alfred Espinas led to the development of the important Durkheimian notion of collective representations, the common ideas and symbols of a community.
In his second dissertation, Quid secundatus politicae scientiae instituendae contulerit, written in Latin and published inhe recognized Montesquieu as being the first to attempt an understanding of society in terms of universal laws.
Forerunners of Sociology Public rituals reaffirmed the identification between the state and its religious origins, wrapping social authority in an inviolable aura of sanctity that served to make antisocial aggressions unthinkable.
Another well-known aspect of Durkheimian sociology, closely related to his ideas about the religious foundations of society, is the concept of the conscience collective, a term having a dual meaning inasmuch as conscience can be translated as both consciousness and conscience.
Durkheim recognized that the social order was ultimately dependent upon an implicit system of values shared by members of a society. Durkheim developed these concepts against both empirical utilitarianism, the belief that social union arose in the pursuit of mutual interests, scientifically recorded, and German idealism, the philosophy that the universe could be understood through subjective consciousness, known intuitively.
The entire section is 2, words.Article shared by. Short Biography of Emile Durkheim – Emile Durkheim  was the most prominent French sociologist of the 19th century.
He was an erudite scholar, a deep thinker, a progressive educationist, an effective writer and a strict disciplinarian.
|Report Abuse||One of the questions raised by the author concerns the objectivity of the sociologist: According to Durkheim, observation must be as impartial and impersonal as possible, even though a "perfectly objective observation" in this sense may never be attained.|
|An encyclopedia of philosophy articles written by professional philosophers.||His family was devoutly Jewish, and his father, grandfather, and great grandfather were all rabbis.|
"Undoubtedly Émile Durkheim, A Biography takes our understanding of the French master to another level." Sam Pryke, University of Wolverhampton The standard work on the life and thought of Emile Durkheim, written by the world’s leading expert.
Biography Childhood and education.
Emile Durkheim was born in Épinal in Lorraine, the son of Mélanie (Isidor) and Moïse Durkheim. He came from a long line of devout French Jews; his father, grandfather, and great-grandfather had been rabbis.
He began his education in a rabbinical school, but at an early age, he decided not to follow in his . Emile Durkheim (), French sociologist.
Biography, photos and quotes of Emile Durkheim. rests on the capable shoulders of Emile Durkheim.
A Peek Into Emile Durkheim’s Life. According to Durkheim, each suicide victim has a personal stamp to his act which is an expression of his temperament, the conditions around him .
David Emile Durkheim was born on April 15, in Epinal, capital town of the department of Vosges, in Lorraine. His mother, Mélanie, was a merchant's daughter, and his father, Moïse, had been rabbi of Epinal since the s, and was also Chief Rabbi of the Vosges and Haute-Marne.
Biography of Durkheim and his contribution to criminological thought- ( words, 30%) David Emile Durkheim, who was a French Sociologist, was born on April 15th in Epinal, France, He is arguably the most influential figure in western sociology and also immensely significant in criminology.