This very telling woodcut illustration is by Julius Schnoor von Carolsfeld This is where the blood feud between Christendom and the Jewish house had its beginning. Israel splits into two camps, one looking for righteous Law and the other looking for Grace. The two feuding parties will be reconciled in the end-time during the final 7 years of this age.
But how much do we know about the Pilgrims as people, their relationships with each other both within the context of the family and community?
The overlaying dynamic of Pilgrim life, according to Demos, was that it was a patriarchal society Like many societies arguably including our ownthe male ruled both the household and the community.
With few exceptionshusbands Little common wealth full control over their homes and businesses; indeed they were even able to dispose and assign their children to other households with little to no consultation with their wives When one thinks of Puritan repression, one thinks of sexual repression; indeed, it is almost an accepted stereotype.
But it seems that repression was instead directed at actions committed by members of the community, especially those actions that could be characterized as hostile or aggressive Demos uses that psychological framework of Erik Erikson outlined to explain how the repression of impulses especially individualistic impulses was institutionalized within the Puritan family, and how its consequence shame became a defining characteristic of Pilgrim life Children were "broken," their individuality destroyed, so that they met the expectation of obedience to authority, whether it be obedience to their father or obedience to the government This is because what was considered normal within the community was seldom documented; there was little reason to record what everyone already knew and understood.
Demos makes a valiant effort to reconstruct these relationships by examining physical artifacts, wills, court decisions, and estate inventories. While his account of Pilgrim life is necessarily incomplete, his evidence allows us to begin to understand the dynamics at work. While his evidence especially court cases might serve merely to show the exceptions to the rule, enough of this evidence exists to demonstrate what the expected norm might be.
It appears that Demos attempted to examine all major dynamics at work within the family—relationships between family members—but by necessity he merely outlined these relations in broad strokes.
It might have been desirable to present a case study of one particular family, following its development and changes through time. It appears, however, that Demos has provided us a valuable glimpse into the Pilgrim family life that, while incomplete, gives a sense of how things were.
There are few silences in the narrative of family life such as the daily life and play of childrenbut these may be unavoidable. In the end, it appears that Pilgrim family life was as complex if not more so than family life today. Surprisingly, takes a bit of a detour from the documentary record to connect the topic to the psychology of Erikson.
As such, I think it is more of a specialist book than one of general interest. It is very nicely written. Demos discusses the evidence with the reader, instead of leaning on authoritarian statements. Demos has pulled out some interesting primary sources, include a rare census, diaries, writings by early settlers, etc.Demos, John, A Little Commonwealth: Family Life in Plymouth Colony, Oxford University Press, Inc., New York, New York.
Over extensive periods of time, various historical events experience the development of manufactured misconceptions and assumptions that tend to replace the actual documented events that occurred at the time.
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INTRODUCTION In member states of the Commonwealth acknowledged the ‘surge in popular demand for democracy and human rights’ when they adopted the Commonwealth Charter in the name of the people of the Commonwealth.
Commonwealth Lawyers Association (CLA) is a membership organisation for professional lawyers, academics and students practising within the Commonwealth although it welcomes qualified international lawyers and academics with an interest in its work.
PFC Cody Merrill took a break from his training to record a Facebook video for the Veterans Day program last week Friday, which was held at the Ripon High School gymnasium.
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