Who are the worst drivers of them all?
The Republic of Lebanon Orientation Identification. Loubnan derives from the Phoenician for "white mountain" and denotes Lebanon's mountains, some parts of which remain snow-covered all year.
Lebanon is bounded on the north and east by Syria, on the west by the Mediterranean, and on the south by Israel. Lebanon consists of two mountain chains, the Lebanon and the ante-Lebanon; a narrow coastal strip, where all the major cities lie; and a fertile plain, the Bekaa valley, which lies between the two mountain chains and provides most of the local agricultural produce.
The capital, Beirut, was chosen for its ideal location on the Mediterranean and acts as the heart of Lebanon's banking industry, tourism, and trade. The port of Beirut is the busiest and most important in the country.
As ofthe population of Lebanon was estimated to be 3, Ninety-five percent of the population is Arab, 4 percent is Armenian, and other ethnic backgrounds comprise the remaining 1 percent.
The birth rate is The average life expectancy for those born at the end of the twentieth century was Whereas at independence, gained inthe population was one-half Christian and one-half Muslim, a higher birth rate among Shiite Muslims upset this balance and was one of the causes of the civil war.
Estimates in the s reveal a population composed of nearly 70 percent Muslims and 30 percent Christians. Languages spoken include Arabic, French, English, and Armenian. There are many accents in Lebanon. The Beirut accent is the mellowest and most highly regarded, while country accents are harsher.
Accents are a much higher indicator of social status than they are in the United States. Lebanon has seen many invasions, which introduced new cultures and languages. The Canaanites, the first known settlers in the country, spoke a Semitic language.
In the Hellenistic era Greek was introduced and spoken along with Aramaic. Latin later became common, and finally the Arab invasion in the eighth century introduced and assured the hegemony of Arabic. Today, all Lebanese speak Arabic; most of them, especially the upper and middle classes, speak French; recently, English has become increasingly important.
The cedar in the center of the Lebanese flag is the symbol of six thousand years of history: The location of the cedar tree in the middle of the flag touching the upper and lower red stripes is also a reminder of Lebanon's constant troubles because the red stripes represent the blood spilt by the Lebanese throughout their history.
The country's religious diversity has led to the transformation of many religious holidays into national ones. Additionally, the new government has placed much emphasis on secular holidays, particularly Id Il-Jayshwhich celebrates the accomplishments of the Lebanese Army.
History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. The first cities to emerge in Lebanon were built by a maritime people, the Phoenicians, who determined the cultural landscape Lebanon of the country from about to B.
The Phoenicians are celebrated today in the government-supervised history books as the inventors of the alphabet and as the symbol of Lebanon's golden past. In the medieval period, Christian minorities often helped the Crusaders.
This created a close relationship between Lebanese Christians, particularly the Maronites, and Europe, particularly France. These ties persisted and grew stronger, especially in the eighteenth century, and were a major factor in the creation of the modern Lebanon.
Later, France gave Lebanon a parliamentary system and, for the first time in the Middle East, created a nation where Christians had a strong political presence: The privileging of Christians in governmental positions was one of the main reasons for the civil war, when the population percentage shifted in favor of the Muslims.
Although the various communities in Lebanon share a similar ethnic background, the fact that they are of different religions and they define their cultural and often geographical boundaries through religious affiliation has always been a source of discord. On numerous occasions religious diversity has eclipsed the sense of belonging to a common state.
When the civil war erupted in the mids, all formerly suppressed differences and incongruent loyalties emerged and came to dominate the political arena, fuel hatred, and provide an easy ground for outside powers to interfere in the country's affairs.
A tired Lebanon emerged in the early s. Under the Ta'if agreement the civil war ended, the Christians lost some of their political power, and a new government of technocrats came into power with reconstruction highest on its agenda.
Today the new moderate government is seeking to secularize political offices and fight corruption. There is a feeling today that most Lebanese are tired of the war and are trying to put their differences behind them as they reconstruct their country, which is currently under Syrian hegemony.
Lebanese are present throughout the world. Since they have always been at the border between East and West, they often blend easily with the societies to which they migrate. Urbanism, Architecture, and the Use of Space Most of Lebanon's population lives in the main cities of Beirut, Tripoli, and Sidon which are densely populated.
Cities in Lebanon suffer from a lack of space.In Lebanon, citizens pay a top marginal tax rate (the highest tax rate you can pay) of 20%.
In Egypt, the top marginal tax rate is %. Category: Lebanon vs. Egypt - Tax Rate.
Lalibela Should be Patronized and Renovated by Ethiopian Architects and Engineers IDEA Editorial November 14, One of the magnificent historical sites in Ethiopia is the town of Lalibela in the north-central part of the country; and the splendid eleven rock-hewn churches in that town are a continuation of Aksumite architecture in the construction of hewn edifices; in Tigray alone there are.
Grand Canyon University's annual tuition rate is $16, for both in-state and out-of-state students. On-campus students pay an average of $7, for room and board and $1, in additional fees.
As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria.
Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from torosgazete.com Ancient Egypt vs Modern Egypt Essay Aspects of Ancient and Modern Egypt Contrasted An In-depth Analysis of the Differences between the Egypt of Yesterday and Today The Aspects of Ancient and Modern Egypt Contrasted Egyptian culture has many contrasts and contradictions between the old and the new.
Kings of Assyria Assyria or Athura (Aramaic for Assyria) was a Semitic Akkadian kingdom, extant as a nation state from the late 25th or early–24th century BC to BC centred on the Upper Tigris river, in northern Mesopotamia (present day northern Iraq), that came to rule regional empires a .