Psychology Cognitive psychology Cognitive psychology assumes that humans have the capacity to process and organize information in their mind. It is concerned less with visible behavior and more with the thought processes behind it.
Although the two both deal with behavior, they focus on somewhat different elements in their attempts to explain why people behave the way they do. Behaviorism and social learning have strong bases of support, so there is no clear answer to which one does a better job at explaining behavior.
Behaviorism Behaviorism is a psychological theory that attempts to explain why people behave the way they do. Behaviorism focuses on what can be observed. To behaviorists, all behavior can be traced back to an external stimuli.
Further, behaviorists believe that behavior can be modified through reinforcements and punishments. Reinforcements are stimuli designed to encourage a particular behavior to occur again; punishments are stimuli designed to discourage a particular behavior. Early behaviorists, such as John B.
Skinner, developed behaviorism to move the focus of psychology into the observable and measurable. Social Learning Social learning theory expands the ideas found presented by behaviorism.
Like behaviorism, social learning attempts to explain why people behave the way they do; however, social learning says that behavior is based on a combination of observable stimuli, and internal psychological processes.
Social learning suggests three requirements for someone to learn a behavior: Social Learning Although social learning theory shares some similarities with behaviorism, it adds an element of internal thought processes to behavior, which behaviorism does not study. Social learning theorists argue that behavior is more complicated than stimulas and response.
Peer influence can cause someone to go along with the crowd in a desire to fit in and be accepted, even when the observed behavior conflicts with personal values.
Applications Both behaviorism and social learning theory have applications for society, and for everyday life. Parents who give their children an allowance for doing chores are using the behavior-modification process of behaviorism.
On a larger scale, proactive education programs can have elements of both behaviorism and social learning. For example, a campaign to reduce underage drinking can take a behaviorist approach by stressing legal consequences, along with a social learning approach using a social norm campaign to dispell myths that everybody drinks a lot in college.Apr 17, · Playing a different role than Skinner in behaviorism's development, Albert Bandura explored his social learning theory, later called social cognitive theory (Corey, ).
His theory was, perhaps, the beginning of a bridge between behaviorism and cognitive-behavioral theory . Cognitive learning theories are credited to Jean Piaget.
Unlike behaviorism, cognitive information processing is governed by an internal process rather than by external circumstance. The cognitive approach to learning theory pays more attention to what goes on inside the learner’s head and focuses on mental processes rather than.
Overview. For sixty years, the contrasting philosophies of behavioral psychology and cognitive psychology have vied for the soul of psychology. From the s to the s, behavioral psychology dominated much of psychological thought, but the cognitive revolution of the s revealed cracks in the theories of the radical behaviorists, and cognitive psychology eventually managed to gain the.
Compare and contrast Social learning theory and cognitive behavioral theory Abstract Learning theories play an important role in our life. The social learning theory and cognitive behavioral theories has an significant impact on our life. Comparing Learning Theories ~ Behaviorism, Cognitivism, Constructivism & Humanistic Learning Theories Comparison Among Behaviorism Cognitivism L.
Theories List of Key B.F. Skinner Jean Piaget Theorists Ivan Pavlov Robert Gagne Edward Thorndike Lev Vygotsky John B. Watson Role of · Learners are basically · Learners process, store & retrieve Learners passive, just responding .
Behaviorism and social learning theory are two psychological theories used for explaining behavior. Although the two both deal with behavior, they focus on somewhat different elements in their attempts to explain why people behave the way they do.