Countering traditional views that writers were largely unconcerned with the events of these wars, such scholarship has argued that the wars had a significant impact on the writing of the period. The article concludes by looking at some of the most recent trends in this scholarship. It has only been relatively recently that the subject of war has received attention in Romantic studies.
Fresh ideals came to the fore; in particular, the ideal of freedom, long cherished in Englandwas being extended to every range of human endeavour.
As that ideal swept through Europeit became natural to believe that the age of tyrants might soon end. The most notable feature of the poetry of the time is the new role of individual thought and personal feeling.
To Particularize is the alone Distinction of Merit. Poetry was regarded as conveying its own truth; sincerity was the criterion by which it was to be judged.
But feeling had begun to receive particular emphasis and is found in most of the Romantic definitions of poetry. Another key quality of Romantic writing was its shift from the mimetic, or imitative, assumptions of the Neoclassical era to a new stress on imagination.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge saw the imagination as the supreme poetic quality, a quasi-divine creative force that made the poet a godlike being. Imagination, the Divine Vision.
A further sign of the diminished stress placed on judgment is the Romantic attitude to form: Hand in hand with the new conception of poetry and the insistence on a new subject matter went a demand for new ways of writing.
It could not be, for them, the language of feeling, and Wordsworth accordingly sought to bring the language of poetry back to that of common speech. Nevertheless, when he published his preface to Lyrical Ballads inthe time was ripe for a change: Poetry Blake, Wordsworth, and Coleridge Useful as it is to trace the common elements in Romantic poetry, there was little conformity among the poets themselves.
It is misleading to read the poetry of the first Romantics as if it had been written primarily to express their feelings. Their concern was rather to change the intellectual climate of the age.
William Blake had been dissatisfied since boyhood with the current state of poetry and what he considered the irreligious drabness of contemporary thought.
His early development of a protective shield of mocking humour with which to face a world in which science had become trifling and art inconsequential is visible in the satirical An Island in the Moon written c.
His desire for renewal encouraged him to view the outbreak of the French Revolution as a momentous event. In works such as The Marriage of Heaven and Hell —93 and Songs of Experiencehe attacked the hypocrisies of the age and the impersonal cruelties resulting from the dominance of analytic reason in contemporary thought.
Here, still using his own mythological characters, he portrayed the imaginative artist as the hero of society and suggested the possibility of redemption from the fallen or Urizenic condition.
William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridgemeanwhile, were also exploring the implications of the French Revolution. Wordsworth, who lived in France in —92 and fathered an illegitimate child there, was distressed when, soon after his return, Britain declared war on the republic, dividing his allegiance.
For the rest of his career, he was to brood on those events, trying to develop a view of humanity that would be faithful to his twin sense of the pathos of individual human fates and the unrealized potentialities in humanity as a whole.
His investigation of the relationship between nature and the human mind continued in the long autobiographical poem addressed to Coleridge and later titled The Prelude —99 in two books; in five books; in 13 books; revised continuously and published posthumously, The Prelude constitutes the most significant English expression of the Romantic discovery of the self as a topic for art and literature.
Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood. Simultaneously, his poetic output became sporadic. In Wordsworth dedicated a number of sonnets to the patriotic cause. The death in of his brother John, who was a captain in the merchant navywas a grim reminder that, while he had been living in retirement as a poet, others had been willing to sacrifice themselves.
From this time the theme of duty was to be prominent in his poetry. Both Wordsworth and Coleridge benefited from the advent in of the Regency, which brought a renewed interest in the arts. A Vision; The Pains of Sleep was published in Biographia Literariaan account of his own development, combined philosophy and literary criticism in a new way and made an enduring and important contribution to literary theory.
His later religious writings made a considerable impact on Victorian readers. Sir Walter Scottby contrast, was thought of as a major poet for his vigorous and evocative verse narratives The Lay of the Last Minstrel and Marmion Other verse writers were also highly esteemed.
Another admired poet of the day was Thomas Moorewhose Irish Melodies began to appear in The French Revolution and Romanticism. The main theme of the whole book is cultural revolution which is what is happening to France during the Romantic Era.
Chapter Reformation, Religious Wars, and National Conflicts; Chapter The Early Modern State; Chapter New World Views: Europe’s Scientific Revolution. In the most basic sense, Romanticism, which is loosely identified as spanning the years of , 1 2 can be distinguished from the preceding period called the Enlightenment by observing that the one elevated the role of spirit, soul, instinct, and emotion, while the other advocated a cool, detached scientific approach to most human endeavors and dilemmas.
3 In short, Romanticism in. Romanticism in literature and the arts. The fundamental Romantic purpose was to grasp and render the many kinds of experience that Classicism had neglected or had stylized.
Romanticism was the first upsurge of realism—exploratory and imaginative as to subject matter and inventive as to forms and techniques. The exploration of reality surveyed both the external world of peoples and places and the .
The Romantic movement of 19th century art and literature was influenced by revolutionary events such as the French and American revolutions.  The 18th century Romantic poets were influenced by many outside influences but chief among them was the revolution occurring in France.
In the most basic sense, Romanticism, which is loosely identified as spanning the years of , 1 2 can be distinguished from the preceding period called the Enlightenment by observing that the one elevated the role of spirit, soul, instinct, and emotion, while the other advocated a cool, detached scientific approach to most human endeavors and dilemmas.
3 In short, Romanticism . In a subsequent, though much less frequently cited article, ‘War Correspondence: Reading Romantic War’, Favret expands her arguments to the Romantic period more generally, arguing that war was widely read about during the period, particularly through the publication of .