Agriculture in nigeria

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Agriculture in nigeria

Nigeria - Agriculture Photo by: Approximately 70 percent of the population engages in agricultural production at a subsistence level.

Agriculture in nigeria

Agricultural holdings are generally small and scattered. Agriculture provided 41 percent of Nigeria's total gross domestic product GDP in This percentage Agriculture in nigeria a normal decrease of The decrease will continue because, as economic development occurs, the relative size of the agricultural sector usually decreases.

Nigeria's wide range of climate variations allows it to produce a variety of food and cash crops. The staple food crops include cassava, yams, corn, coco-yams, cow-peas, beans, sweet potatoes, millet, plantains, bananas, rice, sorghum, and a variety of fruits and vegetables.

The leading cash crops are cocoa, citrus, cotton, groundnuts peanutspalm oil, palm kernel, benniseed, and rubber. They were also Nigeria's major exports in the s and early s until petroleum surpassed them in the s. A significant portion of the agricultural sector in Nigeria involves cattle herding, fishing, poultry, and lumbering, which contributed more than 2 percent to the GDP in the s.

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Fisheries output ranged fromtotons annually in the s. Estimates indicate that the output had fallen totons of fish per year by This was partly due to environmental degradation and water pollution in Ogoniland and the Delta region in general by the oil companies.

Decline in agricultural production in Nigeria began with the advent of the petroleum boom in the early s. The boom in the oil sector brought about a distortion of the labor market. The distortion in turn produced adverse effects on the production levels of both food and cash crops.

Governments had paid farmers low prices over the years on food for the domestic market in order to satisfy urban demands for cheap basic food products.

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This policy, in turn, progressively made agricultural work unattractive and enhanced the lure of the cities for farm workers. Collectively, these developments worsened the low productivity, both per unit of land and per worker, due to several factors: As food production could not keep pace with its increasing population, Nigeria began to import food.

It also lost its status as a net exporter of such cash crops as cocoa, palm oil, and groundnuts. Among the major imports from the United States are wheat, sugar, milk powder, and consumer-ready food products.

Efforts since the late s to revitalize agriculture in order to make Nigeria food self-sufficient again and to increase the export of agricultural products have produced only modest results.

The Obasanjo administration, however, has made agriculture the highest priority of its economic policy.Marketing Agricultural Products In Nigeria - Agriculture which is one of the major sectors of every economy has been accorded so much importance.

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Are you passionate about making a difference? If you’re serious about reducing poverty and malnutrition, and improving the livelihoods of African farmers, then the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) might be the place for you.

Agriculture in Nigeria is a branch of the economy in Nigeria, providing employment for about 30% of the population as of The sector is being transformed by commercialization at the small, medium and large-scale enterprise levels.

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